Ethan Banks On productivity.

OECG – Chapter 11


In the context of the OECG, the book has spoken mostly about a single routing protocol at a time. Much of the purpose of this chapter is to highlight the issues that arise when running multiple routing protocols on a router at the same time. That introduces a number of challenges, including how to determine what route to use if a router learns a route from more than one routing protocol.

If a router learns a route from a muliple EIGRP neighbors, the router would determine the best route via a metric computation. But what if the router learns the route not only from an EIGRP neighbor, but also from an OSPF neighbor? The metrics don’t directly compare.

This is where administrative distance (AD) come in. AD values are assigned to route sources, so that in the event of multiple sources for the same route, the router can determine which to place in the routing table. The assigned values are as follows, the lower value being preferred:

  • 0: Connected
  • 1: Static
  • 5: EIGRP summary route
  • 20: eBGP
  • 90: EIGRP internal
  • 100: IGRP
  • 110: OSPF
  • 115: IS-IS
  • 120: RIP
  • 170: EIGRP external
  • 200: iBGP external
  • 255: Unreachable

Using the “distance” command (syntax varies from protocol to protocol), you can change from the default AD’s listed above.

By Ethan Banks
Ethan Banks On productivity.

You probably know Ethan Banks because he writes & podcasts about IT. For example, he co-authored "Computer Networks Problems & Solutions" with Russ White.

This site is Ethan on productivity--not tech so much.

Find out more on his about page.